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Posts Tagged ‘Edad Moderna’

Archivo de Indias

octubre 18, 2009 1 comentario

 

 

         Documentos RNE nos narra con amenidad y sencillez la historia del Archivo de Indias, pero también del Nuevo Mundo, de los conflictos marítimos entre Portugal y España y, en fin, de la Historia Moderna de España. Espero que os sea de gran utilidad. En este primer caso os dejo el documento en audio Entrar y, en segundo lugar os facilitamos el inventario de los fondos que alberga este edificio, así como información facilitada por el Centro Virtual Cervantes.

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Los viajes de Colón

octubre 8, 2009 14 comentarios

colon[1]

 

     A raíz de la lectura de “El Imperio Español”, de Hugh Thomas, me surgió la curiosidad y la necesidad de seguir, casi paso a paso, las rutas que tomó aquel navegante genovés, el Almirante Don Cristobal Colón. Espero que los mapas que os facilitamos a continuación os sea de utilidad para no perderos en el Océano Atlántico, el Mar del Caribe y de las Antillas, entre La Española, La Deseada, San Salvador, Fernandina, Martinica o el Yucatán. Con viento a favor y de popa os enviamos un fuerte abrazo desde Historiadores Histéricos. (Pinchar para ampliar las imágenes). Por cierto, tal día como el próximo domingo, 11 de octubre, ya bien entrada la noche, Juan Rodríguez Bermejo, navegante sevillano, desde el mastil mayor, atisbó las costas del “Nuevo Mundo”.

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What’s “Chapbooks”?. Qu’est le Bibliotheque Bleue?

diciembre 12, 2008 10 comentarios

 

Aquí os dejo las definiciones en inglés y en francés de los respectivos conceptos que esta mañana ha mandado el profesor en Historia Moderna Universal. Además os paso la dirección de la que han sido tomados, por si la curiosidad os consume las entrañas y necesitáis más información. La traducción al español para este fin de semana… un abrazo y ánimo, que ya empieza lo duro!!.

 

 

*http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biblioth%C3%A8que_Bleue

 

La Bibliothèque bleue est un terme employé pour désigner la littérature populaire entre le XVIIe siècle et le XIXe siècle.

Le gouvernement de Napoléon III en suspectait les opinions contestataires. Pendant plus de deux siècles elle fut imprimée à Troyes (librairie Nicolas Oudot). L’impression était de mauvaise qualité ; la couverture était faite d’un papier bleu. Cette littérature pour les pauvres était vendue par les colporteurs. Certains historiens considèrent qu’elle constituait la source principale de culture des masses populaires ; d’autres, à l’instar de Carlo Ginzburg, insistent sur notre ignorance des modes de réception de ces textes, et sur l’importance -difficilement mesurable directement- de la culture orale. Les illettrés se contentaient d’en apprécier les gravures pas toujours en rapport avec le texte ; ils pouvaient aussi être mis en contact avec le texte lors de séances de lecture collective.

 

*http://www.answers.com/topic/la-biblioth-que-bleue

 The ancestor of the livre de poche. Early in the 17th c. publishers began to produce small books wrapped in blue sugar paper which were sold throughout France by pedlars (colporteurs). The trade was centred on Troyes, where the Oudot family occupied a dominating position, but other bookseller-publishers followed suit in Paris, Rouen, and elsewhere. The booklets were very cheap (as little as 1 sou), and they sold in massive numbers (about 1 million annually in the early 18th c.). Like almanacs

and other related material, they were aimed at the non-book-buying classes of town and country. In some cases they were read aloud to the partly illiterate public at village veillées—evening gatherings where craft-work was combined with story-telling and similar entertainment.
Although some of the books are reprints of works by classic authors such as Corneille, the majority were composed by literary journeymen, who drew on a varied and for the most part highly traditional repertoire. Religious writings, in particular lives of saints, works of popular devotion, and cantiques, were in great demand. The new thought of the Enlightenment was slow to make an impact, but there were many handbooks of astrology, folk-medicine, letter-writing, and elementary civility. As far as ‘belles-lettres’ is concerned, two dominant elements are tall stories and burlesque comedy. There are many editions of popular old tales, including recyclings of the Charlemagne legends, the adventures of Robert le Diable and Geneviève de Brabant, and the stories of Gargantua which Rabelais had promoted to the ranks of high literature. The story Le Bonhomme Misère

is probably the most famous item in the collection, which includes upwards of 4, 000 titles, including reprints.
Under the ancien régime, the Bibliothèque Bleue was predominantly conformist in tone—indeed, it has been seen as a mechanism of social control. The Revolution saw spasmodic attempts to harness it to popular instruction, but it was in the 19th c. that it acquired a real political role, and came to be considered subversive and morally suspect. As part of the resulting attempt to control it under the Second Empire, Nisard

produced the first study of the phenomenon, his Histoire des livres populaires ou de la littérature de colportage (1864). His work is a mine of information, but his view of the blue books is patronizing and severe.
In recent years they have been more sympathetically studied, and sometimes this has led to a romantic image of them as a product of ‘popular culture’. In fact, the relations between popular and learned culture are far from ones of simple opposition. The frontier between littérature de colportage and more prestigious productions was uncertain, and there was movement in both directions. The blue books reused the stories and ideas of learned literature (with a time-lag of a century or more), while fashionable readers and writers were interested in the pedlars’ wares. Perrault is a case in point: his verse tale Griselidis is indebted to the Bibliothèque Bleue, but his own Contes appeared before long between blue covers.

 

 

*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chapbook

Chapbook

 

Is a generic term to cover a particular genre of pocket-sized booklet, popular from the sixteenth through to the later part of the nineteenth century. No exact definition can be applied. Chapbook can mean anything that would have formed part of the stock of chapmen, a variety of pedlar. The word chapman probably comes from the Anglo-Saxon word for barter, buy and sell.

The term chapbook was formalised by bibliophiles of the nineteenth century, as a variety of ephemera (disposable printed material.) It includes many kinds of printed material, such as pamphlets, political and religious tracts, nursery rhymes, poetry, folk tales, children’s literature and almanacs. Where there were illustrations, they would be popular prints.

History

There are records from Cambridgeshire as early as in 1553 of a man offering a scurrilous ballad “maistres mass” at an alehouse, and a pedlar selling “lytle books” to people, including a patcher of old clothes in 1578. These sales are probably characteristic of the market for chapbooks.

Broadside ballads were popular songs, sold for a penny or halfpenny in the streets of towns and villages around Britain between the sixteenth and early twentieth centuries. They preceded chapbooks, but had similar content, marketing and distribution systems.

Chapbooks gradually disappeared from the mid nineteenth century in the face of competition from cheap newspapers and, especially in Scotland, religious tract societies that regarded them as “ungodly.”

Although the form originated in Britain, many were made in the U.S. during the same period. Chapbooks are published in South America even today.

Because of their flimsy nature such ephemera rarely survive as individual items. They were aimed at buyers without formal libraries, and, in an era when paper was expensive, were used for wrapping or baking. Paper has also always had hygienic uses and there are contemporary references to the use of chapbooks as bum fodder (i.e. toilet paper).

Many of the surviving chapbooks come from the collections of Samuel Pepys between 1661 and 1688 which are now held at Magdalene College, Cambridge. Anthony Wood also collected 65 chapbooks, (including 20 from before 1660), which are now at The Bodleian Library. There are also significant Scottish collections.

Modern collectors, such as Peter Opie, have chiefly a scholarly interest in the form.

Chapbooks are mostly small paper-covered booklets, usually printed on a single sheet folded into books of 8, 12, 16 and 24 pages, often illustrated with crude woodcuts, which sometimes bear no relation to the text. They were produced cheaply. One collector, Harry Weiss, wrote: “the printing in many cases was execrable, the paper even worse, and the woodcut illustrations, some of which did duty for various tales regardless of their fitness, were sometimes worse than the paper and presswork combined”. However, the category has no real limits: some chapbooks were long, some well produced, and some even historically accurate.

The centre of chapbook and ballad production was London, and until the Great Fire of London the printers were based around London Bridge. However, a feature of chapbooks is the proliferation of provincial printers, especially in Scotland and Newcastle upon Tyne.

 

 

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Un resumen ilustrativo de las “monedas”

noviembre 13, 2008 Deja un comentario

monedas-y-acunaciones 

  Antes de que empecéis a leer: la fotografía es un modo muy sencillo de estudiar, máxime cuando sólo es un ejemplar, como en este caso. Si somos capaces de estudiar esta imagen tenemos mucho ganado, y, creedme, no es tan complicado. En el libro “Monarquía e imperio. El reinado de Carlos V”, de la Historia de España publicada el año pasado por ELPAÍS, aunque por desgracia no cubre todo el periodo tratado por la profesora Guerra en las sucesivas conferencias dadas a lo largo de estos dos días, he encontrado un pequeño dossier con ilustraciones, clasificación comparativa entre ducados, escudos, maravedíes, vellones… y una somera explicación sobre lo que es la moneda en la Castilla 1/2 del s. XVI. Bajáoslo al ordenador y usad el zoom (se lee bastante bien). Expone datos con claridad y síntesis. Un abrazo muuy grande chicos. Espero que os sea e cierta utilidad. Peace & Love!!!! jijiij.

Mapas políticos de la Edad Moderna

octubre 25, 2008 Deja un comentario

-Aunque algunos de los enlaces que la página propone están un tanto “averiados”, lo cierto es que, por ejemplo, los referentes a los Países Bajos (como dijo Salazar) son bastante útiles. Espero que os sean útiles para el resto de regiones. Un saludo y ánimo!!!. Os coloco las páginas por orden (subjetivo) de calidad

http://seneca.uab.es/historia/hn0706c.htm (obligatorio consultarla y hacer de “ratón” un buen rato, no son todos, ni mucho menos, pero hay mapas buenísimos… la pena es que los políticos son mayoritariamente del siglo XX)

http://www.pais-global.com.ar/mapas/mapa00.htm

http://www.terra.es/personal7/jqvaraderey/spanish.htm